WRI released the First GHG Protocol Tool tailor-made for China’s Energy Consumption
World Resources Institute (WRI) released GHG Protocol Tool for Energy Consumption in China (Excel Spreadsheet) and its guidance on Sep 30 in Beijing, China. It is the first GHG accounting tool tailor made for China concerning on energy consumption.
The tool enables key energy users and government agencies to measure GHG emissions based on reported energy consumption data. Key energy users and government agencies only need to fill in energy consumption data that are already collected and reported for energy reporting purpose, and therefore quantifying GHG emissions with little effort.
In China, key energy users commonly refer to users with more than 5,000 tons of coal equivalent (TCE) of annual energy consumption. They are required to report the energy consumption data to the government.
“It is the first tool developed by WRI’s GHG Protocol team in China, by China, for China,” says Prof. Zou Ji, the China Country Program Director of WRI.
In compliance with internationally-recognized GHG accounting and reporting standards, the tool customizes for special conditions of Chinese enterprises and energy reporting system and removes the technical barriers on enterprise GHG accounting. Enterprises and government agencies can easily estimate the direct and indirect GHG emissions from the individual enterprises, industrial sectors and regions, helping make decision to reduce GHG emissions.
GHG emission factors, which refer to the amount of GHG emissions per unit of energy consumption, are essential to GHG accounting. The tool’s guidance provides China with specific emission factors for 28 kinds of energy, including raw coal, purchased power and purchased heat, etc. The guidance also provides guidelines on how to assess the uncertainty and customize emission factors.
Carbon consultancies, third party verifiers and research institutes will find the guidelines useful for corporate GHG accounting. Five companies in the power, electronics, glass manufacturing, textile, and cement industries participated in road testing of the tool in Guangdong Province, South China. According to their feedback, some companies have already begun to measure their GHG emissions. With the tool, they produced their emission factors, which had been hard to make reliable previously.
WRI’s research shows that energy consumption is the major source of GHG emissions and accounts for 66 percent of global emission. “The principles of tool can be applied to other emerging economies, such as India. As economies in developing countries grow, energy consumption and GHG emissions increase accordingly. Building GHG accounting on existing energy management systems can make things much easier”, say Pankaj Bhatia, WRI’s GHG Protocol Director.
China’s Key Energy Users Energy Utilization Status Report was set up to monitor enterprises’ energy saving performance during the 11th Five Year Plan (FYP) period (2006-2010). However, the system doesn’t include GHG emissions reporting. “The calculation tool is developed based on the Key Energy Users Energy Utilization Status Report. As China’s has set up a carbon intensive target during the 12 FYP period (2011-15), the tool meets the current urgent demand,” says Hongwei Yang, Director of Energy Efficiency Center of Energy Research Institute, the research arm of National Development and Reform Commission.
Key Energy Users Energy Utilization Status Report requirement is likely to expand during the 12 FYP period. Besides existing industrial companies and the public sector, hotels and other public buildings will be included in some regions. Some cities, such as Dongguan of Guangdong Province, have moved ambitiously to include all energy users with more than 1000 TCE annual energy consumption.
The GHG Protocol Tool for Energy Consumption in China and its guidance document are available in Chinese free of charge on http://www.ghgprotocol.org.